- Edited by Lorri Zipperer
Patient Safety: Perspectives on Evidence, Information and Knowledge Transfer provides background on the patient safety movement, systems safety, human error and other key philosophies that support change and innovation in the reduction of medical error. The book draws from multidisciplinary areas within the acute care environment to share models that support the proactive changes necessary to provide safe care delivery. The publication discusses how the tenets of safety (described in the beginning of the book) can be actively applied in the field to make evidence, information and knowledge (EIK) sharing processes reliable, effective and safe.
This is a wide-ranging and important book that is designed to raise awareness of the latent risks for patient safety that are present in the EIK identification, acquisition and distribution processes, structures, and systems of many healthcare institutions across the world. The expert contributors offer systemic, evidence-based improvement processes, assessment concepts and innovative activities to identify these risks to minimize their potential to adversely impact care. These ideas are presented to create opportunities for the field to design and use strategies that enable meaningful implementation and management of EIK. Their thoughts will enable healthcare staff to see EIK as a tangible element contributing toward sustainable patient safety improvements.
Contents: Introduction; Foreword, Robert M. Wachter; Part 1 Context for Innovation and Improvement: Patient safety: a brief but spirited history, Robert L. Wears, Kathleen M. Sutcliffe and Eric Van Rite; Terms and theories: developing a shared mental model, Lorri Zipperer and Linda Williams; Potential for harm due to failures in the EI&K process, Catherine K. Craven, Barbara Jones and Lorri Zipperer. Part 2 The Role of Evidence, Information and Knowledge: Information and evidence failures in daily work: how they can affect the safety of care, Catherine K. Craven, Ross Koppel and Mark C. Weiner; Leadership, EI&K and a culture of safety, Della M. Lin, Margo Farber and Judith Napier; Weakness in the evidence base: latent problems to consider and solutions for improvement, Amanda Ross-White, Affaud Anaïs Tanon and Sumant Ranji. Part 3 Building Blocks of Safety that Affect Information, Evidence and Knowledge-Sharing: Systems thinking, complexity and EI&K for safe care, Howard Fuller; Aviation contexts and EI&K innovation: reliability, teamwork and sensemaking, Jeff Brown, Sara Tompson and Lorri Zipperer. Part 4 Practical Applications to Drive EI&K Progress in the Acute Care Environment: EI&K sharing mechanisms in support of patient safety, Susan Carr, Barbara L. Olsen and Lorri Zipperer; Health information technology in hospitals: towards a culture of EI&K sharing, Prudence W. Dalrymple and Deborah Simmons; Critical intersections in patient safety: evidence and knowledge transfer at the sharp and blunt ends, Julia M. Esparza, Melissa Cole and Gunjan Kahlon; Patient and families as EI&K conduits: a vital resource, Amy E. Donahue, Linda Kenney and Kathryn K. Leonhardt; Human factors, information professionals and EI&K, Linda Williams and James P. Bagian. Part 5 Future States: Breakdowns in the EI&K pathway, Barbara Jones, Mark Graber and Elaine Alligood; A case to illustrate the opportunity for healthcare in EI&K enhancement, Grena Porto, Suzanne Graham and Lorri Zipperer. Part 6 Resources; References; Appendixes; Glossary; Index.
About the Editor: Lorri Zipperer, Cybrarian, is the principal at Zipperer Project Management in Albuquerque, NM. Lorri was a founding staff member of the National Patient Safety Foundation (NPSF) as the information project manager. Lorri is an American Hospital Association/NPSF Patient Safety Leadership Fellowship alumnus. She has been recognized by the US based organizations, the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) and the Medical Library Association (MLA), for her project work and writing exploring the roles of librarians in medical error reduction.
Reviews: ‘The authors confront the yawning gap between our highly structured (and lavishly funded) system for adding research evidence to the body of medical knowledge, and the crucial but much neglected process of getting that evidence into the hands of providers and patients, when and where it’s needed, in the messy world of clinical care. It’s time we listened to them.’
Frank Davidoff, Editor Emeritus, Annals of Internal Medicine
‘From deep history to future prospects, the authors lay out the shortcomings of current evidence-seeking and pull together disparate concepts to show how to improve systems and practice through effective deployment of evidence, information and knowledge. This thoughtful, multidimensional book will be an important contribution to the literature of patient safety.’
Helen Haskell, President, Mothers Against Medical Error
‘The authors provide the historical context of the patient safety movement but move beyond that by exploring the necessary strategies that learning organizations need to apply to their safety efforts. Offering practical tools as well as compelling stories, the authors also establish the essential role of librarians and other information specialists in improving patient safety throughout the continuum of care.’
Margaret Bandy, Exempla Saint Joseph Hospital, USA